Learning and developmental disabilities represent a broad range of educational, social, and behavioral challenges that affect many aspects of a child’s life. The team at Patrick County Family Practice in Stuart, Virginia, helps children, teens, and their families by screening for these disorders and working with you and your child to overcome the challenges they present. If you suspect your child may have a learning disability or developmental disability, call Patrick County Family Practice or schedule an appointment online today.
Learning disabilities are a group of disorders that occur when the brain has a hard time processing information. These disorders interfere with a child’s ability to read, write, and learn mathematics, and they affect skills such as organization and attention.
The most common learning disabilities are:
Another type of learning disability, visual perceptual disorder, makes it hard for children to understand visual information.
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develop when areas of the brain that regulate attention, motor function, and executive function don’t work properly.
Children with ADD or ADHD aren’t purposefully oppositional or disobedient. They simply need proper treatment that addresses the biochemical imbalances in their brain.
These conditions are usually diagnosed in children, but for 30-70% of youths with ADHD, the problems last well through adulthood.
Children with ADHD have three types of symptoms: inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Those diagnosed with ADD only have trouble with inattentiveness. In both groups, the symptoms are severe enough to interfere with the child’s ability to learn, socialize, and behave whether at school or home.
Behaviors associated with inattentiveness include:
Additionally, behaviors associated with the hyperactivity and impulsivity of ADHD include:
Children and teens with ADD or ADHD tend to have poor working memory, so they can’t keep information in their head long enough to use it.
Autism is a developmental disorder that affects a child’s behavior and ability to communicate. It’s called autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to reflect the fact that children with autism vary significantly in the severity of their symptoms. However, they all share these core problems:
The symptoms of ASD are noticeable by age 2, with the disability persisting throughout the child’s lifetime.
To learn whether your child may have a learning disability, call Patrick County Family Practice or schedule an appointment online today.